Ud-daula's tomb (Agra)

Things to do - general


Outside, the second story has an arcaded verandah on each side, which is composed of twenty three bays. The arcades are repeated on the subsequent floors forming peripheral walkways at each level and chattris at the corners. The top floor has no superstructure but consists on an open terrace enclosed with marble screen parapets. This five-tiered structure with its pillared terraces and numerous chattris Itmad-ud-Daula's Tomb I'tim?d-ud-Daulah k? Maqbara) is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Often described as 'jewel box', sometimes called the 'Baby T?j', the tomb of I'tim?d-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the T?j Mahal. Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture - primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and Akbar's tomb in Sikandra - to its second phase, based on white marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the T?j Mahal. The mausoleum was commissioned by N?r Jah?n, the wife of Jahangir, for her father Mirz? Ghiy?s Beg, who had been given the title of I'tim?d-ud-Daulah (pillar of the state). Mirz? Ghiy?s Beg was also the grandfather of Mumt?z Mah?l (originally named Arj?mand B?no, daughter of Asaf Kh?n), the wife of the emperor Sh?h Jah?n, responsible for the building of the T?j Mahalso bears a striking resemblance to the Panch Mahal at Fatehpur Sikri.

The Tomb Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden criss-crossed by water courses and walkways. The mausoleum itself covers about twenty-three square meters, and is built on a base about fifty meters square and about one meter high. On each corner are hexagonal towers, about thirteen meters tall. The walls are white marble from Rajasthan encrusted wcornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz formed into images of cypress trees and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorationith semi-precious stone decorations - s like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. Light penetrates to the interior through delicate j?l? screens of intricately carved white marble. Many of N?r Jah?n's relatives are interred in the mausoleum. The only asymmetrical element of the entire complex is that the cenotaphs of her father and mother have been set side-by-side, a formation replicated in the T?j Mahal

Itmad-ud-Daula's Tomb(Urdu:?????? ?????? ?? ?????,I'tim?d-ud-Daulah k? Maqbara) is aMughalmausoleum in the city ofAgrain theIndianstate ofUttar Pradesh. Often described as 'jewel box', sometimes called the 'Baby T?j', the tomb of I'tim?d-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of theT?j Mahal.

Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture - primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as inHumayun's TombinDelhiandAkbar'stomb inSikandra- to its second phase, based on white marble andpietra durainlay, most elegantly realized in the T?j Mahal.

The mausoleum was commissioned byN?r Jah?n, the wife ofJahangir, for her fatherMirz? Ghiy?s Beg, originally a Persian Amir in exile .who had been given the title ofI'tim?d-ud-Daulah(pillar of the state). Mirz? Ghiy?s Beg was also the grandfather ofMumt?z Mah?l(originally named Arj?mand B?no, daughter of Asaf Kh?n), the wife of the emperorSh?h Jah?n, responsible for the building of the T?j Mahal.

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