City Palace (Jaipur)
City Palace, Jaipur Location within Rajasthan
Architectural style Fusion of Shilpa Shastra of Indian architecture with Mughal and European styles of architecture. Town or city Jaipur Country India Coordinates 26.9255N 75.8236E Construction started 1729 Completed 1732
Structural system Red and pink sand stone
Design and construction
Client Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II Architect Vidyadar Bhattacharya and Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob Stereoscopic picture of the Chandra Mahal in 1903
City Palace, Jaipur, which includes the Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal palaces and other buildings, is a palace complex in Jaipur, the capital of the Rajasthan state,India. It was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur, the head of the Kachwaha Rajput clan. The Chandra Mahal palace now houses a museum but the greatest part of it is still aroyal residence. The palace complex is located in the northeast of the centre of the grid patterned Jaipur city.
The City Palace is a stunning sample of architecture in the royal city of Jaipur. The foundations of the palace were laid by Maharaja Jai Singh II Kacchawaha Rajput king of Amber in the 18th century. The beautifully caved marble interiors, magnificent pillars, jali or lattice work and inlaid ornamentations make the palace a cherished tourist attraction. Jaleb Chowk and Tripolia Gate are the two main entrances to the City Palace Jaipur. The architect of this opulent structure Colonal Jacob has successfully combined the Mughal, Rajput and European styles of architecture.
The first chamber that one comes across when one enters from through the Birendra Pole from Tripolia Gate is the Mubarak Mahal (Auspicious Palace). Built in the late 19th century by Maharaja Madho Singh II, it houses a wide variety of textiles (such as the royal formal costumes, sanganeri block prints, embroidered shawls, Kashmiri pashminas and silk saris) and forms part of the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum. The Mubarak Mahal is used as a reception lounge for foreign dignitaries.
Diwan-I-Khas and Diwan-I-Aam
The magnificent brass gateway of the Mubarak Mahal leads to a courtyard where one can find the Diwan-I-Khas or 'Hall of Private Audience'. Here two enormous silver vessels catch the eye. These are the largest vessels known in the world. Next comes the 'Diwan-E-Aam' or the 'Hall of Public Audience'. Done up in a rich red and gold, this chamber holds on display a variety of embroidered rugs and carpets, miniature paintings and ancient texts. The Ridhi Sidhi Pol is the name given to the four small gates adorned with themes representing the four seasons.
Beyond the Pitam Niwas courtyard stands the Ananda Mandir. The halls here hold arms and weapons of the Rajput kings. Nearby are the Sarvatobhadra or the Sarvata and the Art Gallery previously used as the Sabha-Niwas.
The Chandra Niwas, standing to the west is an imposing palace and various parts of this seven-storyed building are called Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Pitam-Niwas, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas and Mukut-Mandir.
Opposite the Chandra Niwas stands the Badal Niwas and in between lies the Jai Niwas Garden. The Govindji temple stands in this garden.